According to the latest news statistics (the Civil Affairs Bureau made a survey last year, incomplete statistics) there are currently about 500,000 orphans in our country who are actually unsupported. Factual unsupported children refer to children whose parents cannot normally perform their support and guardianship responsibilities, that is, "de facto orphans", which are mainly divided into two categories: both parents are eligible for severe disability, serious illness, imprisonment in custody, compulsory isolation for drug rehabilitation, other measures restricting personal freedom, or one of the cases of loss of contact; or one of the parents is dead or missing, and the other is eligible for severe disability, serious illness, imprisonment in custody, compulsory isolation for drug rehabilitation, other measures restricting personal freedom, or one of the cases of loss of contact. In this regard, the Civil Affairs Bureau and other relevant departments jointly issued the "Opinions on Further Strengthening the Protection of Factual Unsupported Children" to explain the protection of such children.
The opinion will strengthen the guarantee of "factual orphans" in five ways. Give 1. play to the advantages of the party organization and call for the introduction of social volunteers, who provide care and care for such children. 2. giving full play to relief agencies and various relief platforms to provide relevant services and assistance, the Ministry of Civil Affairs will guide township child supervisors and village children directors, strengthen the search for these families, and provide families and children with guardianship guidance, return to school, and implementation of household registration And other services. 3. further improve legal aid services. 4. strengthen the protection of street children, verify the identity of street children, whether they are lost children, and send them back to their families in time. 5. strengthen the guidance of adoption work, encourage families with adoption conditions to adopt these children, and let them return to the warmth of their families.
Today, with the continuous improvement of living standards, the number of "de facto orphans" has not decreased significantly. In this regard, the opinions stipulate that parents who can perform but fail to perform their responsibilities of upbringing and guardianship will be given joint punishment for dishonesty. Gao Xiaobing said that the following three types of parents will be punished:
The first category is parents who maliciously and deliberately abandon their children. This type of parents do not perform the responsibility of raising and guardianship when they have conditions to raise their children; the second category is parents who have not contacted their families and children for a long time; the third category is Parents and guardians who use false reports, concealment, forgery and other means to defraud guaranteed funds, materials and services.
It is reported that this guarantee system will be fully implemented from January 1, 2020.